"You Never Studied"

I'm making two simplifications to keep this readable:

(1) I'm only planning to formally cite sources the first time each source is mentioned—so if a source you're interested in is mentioned in a later chapter and not listed in that section of this bibliography, scroll up.

(2) Aside from the movies themselves, which I don't feel the need to cite formally, two sources of behind-the-scenes information continually recur throughout this site. They are:

Reitman, Ivan, Harold Ramis and Joe Medjuck, commentary. Ghostbusters. Dir. Reitman. 1984. DVD. Columbia TriStar Home Video. 1999.

Shay, Don, ed. Making Ghostbusters. New York: New York Zoetrope, 1985.

I actually have kept pretty decent notes in case someone wanted to make this project into a book or something at some point down the line. I'm just not compelled to make the bibliography perfect right now this second. Live with it.


Ebert, Roger. "Great Movies: Groundhog Day." January 30, 2005.

Moore, Alan with Eddie Campbell. From Hell. 1989-1992.

National Film Preservation Act of 1988 (Public Law 100-446).

ScoreKeeper. "ScoreKeeper Interviews The Music of The Lord of the Rings Films Author Doug Adams!" Ain't-It-Cool-News.

Buchanan, Kyle. "Nostalgia Fact-Check: How Does Ghostbusters Hold Up?" Vulture. July 13, 2011.

Zone, Ray. "Kovacs' Violin: An interview with Laszlo Kovacs, ASC." In New Wave King: The Cinematography of Laszlo Kovacs, ASC. Hollywood: ASC Press, 2002.

Sirota, David. Back to Our Future: How the 1980s Explain the World We Live in Now—Our Culture, Our Politics, Our Everything. New York: Ballantine Books, 2011.

The Filmmakers

Brillstein, Bernie with David Rensin. Where Did I Go Right: You're No One In Hollywood Unless Someone Wants You Dead. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1999. p. 231.

Crowe, Cameron. "Independents: Thom and Nicolette Bret Mount." Interview. September 1985.

Green, Paul. A History of Television's The Virginian, 1962-1971. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Company, 2006. p. 36.

Kevin Pollak's Chat Show, October 30, 2011.

Denby, David. "Oh, Zuul, You Nut!" The New Yorker. Volume 17, No. 24. June 11, 1984, p. 66-67.

Friend, Tad. "Comedy First." New York. April 12, 2004.

Austerlitz, Saul. Another Fine Mess: A History of American Film Comedy. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2010. p. 314.

Schiesel, Seth. "New Video Game? Who You Gonna Call?" The New York Times. May 28, 2009.

Parsons, Ryan. "Ivan Reitman on Disturbia." CanMag. April 12, 2007.

Reitman, Ivan, commentary. No Strings Attached. Dir. Reitman. 2011. DVD. Paramount Home Video. 2011.

I don't have a definitive source for the Bazin quote. Help appreciated.

Shot by Shot

Hauser, Frank and Russell Reich. Notes on Directing. New York: RCR Creative Press, 2003, pp. 54-55. — I credit these guys for their observation on 'peek-a-boo'.


I must again recognize Ray Zone's New Wave King, as cited above, as my source for many of the excellent essays below.

Fisher, Bob. "Laszlo Kovacs Receives ASC Lifetime Award." ICG Magazine. January 2002.

Goodwin, Michael. "Camera: Laszlo Kovacs." Take One. October 4, 1971.

Schaefer, Dennis and Larry Salvato. Masters of Light: Conversations with Contemporary Cinematographers. London: University of California Press, 1984. p. 185.

Lofficier, Randy. "Laszlo Kovacs, ASC and Ghostbusters." American Cinematographer. June 1984.

Robley, Les Paul. "Send in the Clones." American Cinematographer. June 1996.

Patterson, Richard. "Cinematography for Frances." American Cinematographer. March 1983.

Chapman, Michael. "Ghostbusters 2 and working with Ivan Reitman." — This is one clip in a series comprising a lengthy video interview with the noted cinematographer.

Silberg, Jon. "Laszlo Kovacs Teaches Lighting."

Garcia, Ron. "Tricks of the Trade." American Cinematographer. I don't have a more specific source for this, it was one of those 'quoted-in' scenarios. Let me know if you find it.

Geffner, David. "Shooting Stars: Interviews with the World's Greatest Living Cinematographers." MovieMaker. July 3, 1998.

Fisher, Bob. "Laszlo Kovacs Shoots Jack Frost, a Film About a Dream Come True." International Photographer, December 1998.

Irani, Oorvazi, "Visual studies important in molding a cinematographer." Dear Cinema. February 24, 2010.

Whyte, Jason. "The Storytelling of László Kovács, Cinematographer." June 8, 2005.


Lumet, Sidney. Making Movies. New York: Vintage Books, 1996. p. 154-155. — Apropos of nothing, this is my favorite non-fiction book on filmmaking and an absolute must-own, whether you're an aspiring professional or just a casual-reader film buff.

Cahill, Tim. "The Rolling Stone Interview: Stanley Kubrick." Rolling Stone. Issue 507, August 27 1987, pg. 29-36+182.

Oldham, Gabriella. First Cut: Conversations with Film Editors. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1995. — Kahn's interview spans many pages, which I'm way too lazy to cite individually.

Skweres, Mary Ann. "The Invisible Art of Cutting Films." Below the Line. November 23, 2009.

Rosenblum, Ralph and Robert Karen. When the Shooting Stops… The Cutting Begins: A Film Editor's Story. New York: Viking Press, 1979. p. 296.

—. "Francis Ford Coppola Interview." Academy of Achievement. June 17, 1995. — I can't figure out who wrote this thing. If it was you, step forward and be recognized.


Larson, Randall D. "A Conversation with Elmer Bernstein." CinemaScore #13/14, 1985.

Davis, Clive with Anthony DeCurtis. The Soundtrack of My Life. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2012. p. 259-260.

DeYoung, Bill. "Ray Parker Jr.: Who you gonna call?" — The author doesn't say if this initially ran anywhere besides his site. Bill, if you're reading this, feel free to fill me in.

Jackson, Blair. "Classic Tracks: Ray Parker Jr.'s "Ghostbusters"." Mix, September 2006.

Lochner, James. "We Came, We Saw, We Kicked Its Ass!" CD liner notes. Varese Sarabende, 2006.

Goldman, William. Adventures in the Screen Trade. New York: Grand Central Publishing, 1984. p. 563. — This is the source for the Grusin quote.

New York

Edelstein, David. "The Greatest Film." New York. January 9, 2011.

Sanders, James. Celluloid Skyline: New York and the Movies. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001. — I use this three times. The quotes come from pages 115, 118 and 387, respectively.

Carr, Nick, "New York, You've Changed: Ghostbusters." Scouting New York. September 21 and 23, 2009. and

Landis, Dylan. "If You're Thinking of Living in Tribeca." The New York Times. May 15, 1983.

—, "Pop Pilgrims — New York: The Ghostbusters Firehouse." The A.V. Club, July 20, 2011.,57353/

"Tribeca: Mysteries of New York's Backlot Revealed". Secrets of New York. NYC TV. 28 April 2007.

Gray, Christopher. "Streetscapes / 1 Fifth Avenue: A Good Joke Not Well Retold." The New York Times. October 4, 1992.

Gray, Christopher. "Streetscapes / 55 Central Park West: The Changing Colors of an Art Deco Landmark." The New York Times. July 11, 1999.

Tauranac, John. The Empire State Building: The Making of a Landmark. New York: Scribner, 1995. p. 148-149.

Hawes, Elizabeth. New York, New York: How The Apartment House Transformed the Life of the City (1869-1930). New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993. p. 245-247.

Longworth, Karina. "Ghostbusters, New York and Self-Involvement." SpoutBlog. July 15, 2008.

Canby, Vincent. "New York's Woes Are Good Box Office." The New York Times. November 10, 1974.

Henderson, Eric. "Ghostbusters." Slant Magazine. August 5, 2009.

Chan, Sewell. "The Irresistible Urge to Destroy New York on Screen." The New York Times City Room Blog. December 26, 2007.

Freeman, Hadley. "My favorite film: Ghostbusters." The Guardian Film Blog. October 27, 2011.

Koch, Ed. "What It Takes To Be a New Yorker."

The Hero's Journey

Brayton, Timothy. "Who Ya Gonna Call?" Antagony & Ecstasy. August 26, 2010. — Apropos of nothing, this guy's one of the best film bloggers out there.

Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1949. — And a million Campbell disciples besides.

Jewett, Robert and John Shelton Lawrence. The American Monomyth. New York: Doubleday, 1977.

Lawrence, John Shelton and Robert Jewett. The Myth of the American Superhero. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2002. — I quoted this directly and forgot to copy down page numbers. My bad.


Travers, Peter and Stephanie Reiff. The Story Behind The Exorcist. New York: Crown Publishers, 1974. p. 27.

Stokes, Jordan. "The Real (Symbolic, and Imaginary) Ghostbusters." Overthinking It, June 9, 2009.

Goswami, Chiranjit. "Ghostbusters." Not Coming to a Theater Near You, October 23, 2006. — This is probably my favorite single analysis of the film, if only because the author seems to agree with me on quite a bit.

Lovecraft, H.P. "Supernatural Horror in Literature." 1925, 1933-35.

Hyden, Steven, Sean O'Neal and David Wolinsky. "'It just doesn't matter!': The philosophy of Bill Murray movies." The A.V. Club. February 2, 2010.,37733/

Scared Stiff. Dir. George Marshall, writ. Herbert Baker, Walter DeLeon, Norman Lear and Ed Simmons, from the play by Paul Dickey and Charles W. Goddard. Paramount Pictures, 1953.

Lonesome Ghosts. Dir. Burt Gillett, writ. Dick Friel. The Walt Disney Company, 1937.

Zombieland. Dir. Ruben Fleischer, writ. Rhett Reese & Paul Wernick. Columbia Pictures, 2009.

Allen, Woody. Unsourced. Seriously, if anyone can actually get me a source on his I-just-don't-want-to-be-there-when-it-happens joke, that'd be awesome. We've all heard the joke and it always shows up on quote pages and I have no idea where it's from.


Mulvey, Laura. "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema." In Screen, 16.3, Autumn 1975, p. 6-18.

Meatballs. Dir. Ivan Reitman, writ. Len Blum, Daniel Goldberg, Janis Allen & Harold Ramis. Paramount Pictures, 1979.

Simone, Gail. "Women in Refrigerators."

Stoker, Bram. Dracula. — The quote is in chapter 3. Pagination in your edition will undoubtedly vary.


Duin, Julia. "Half of Americans believe in angels." The Washington Times. September 19, 2008.

-, "Cornish Litany". Traditional.

Gould, Stephen Jay. "Non-Overlapping Magisteria". Natural History, 106 (March 1997): p. 16-22.

The Exorcist. Dir. William Friedkin, writ. William Peter Blatty. Warner Bros., 1975.

"Chicago Ghosts: From Garbage to Ghostbusters: The Strange Case of Streeterville"

Seger, Linda. Making a Good Script Great. New York: Samuel French, 1994. — I neglected to get the page number for this. Some other time.

Longworth, Karina. "Harold Ramis Interview." SpoutBlog. June 9, 2009.

The data on today's churchgoer comes from a few Pew surveys I'm too lazy to break down and cite individually. Here are the links if you're curious:

Rainer, Thom S. and Jess W. Rainer. The Millennials: Connecting to America's Largest Generation. Nashville, Tennessee: B&H Publishing Group, 2011.

Vu, Michelle A. "Few Millenials Interested in Religion, Study Finds." The Christian Post. January 12, 2001.

Wolf, Gary. "The Church of the Non-Believers." Wired. Volume 14, No. 11. November 2006.


Blumenthal, Sidney. Our Long National Daydream: A Political Pageant of the Reagan Era. New York: HarperCollins, 1990. p. xiii and 111.

Hayward, Steve. "The Best Conservative Movies of the Last 25 Years." National Review, February 12, 2009.

Faye, Denis. "The Genesis of Comedy."

Windolf, Jim. "Movie Comedy Guru Harold Ramis and the Morality of Caddyshack." The New York Observer. August 9, 1998.

Fischer, Paul. "Interview: Dan Aykroyd for Christmas with the Kranks." Dark Horizons, November 24, 2004. — As a side note, I had no idea he was in that movie.

Labrecque, Jeff. "Ivan Reitman Revisits Ghostbusters." Entertainment Weekly, September 19/26, 2014, p. 113.,,20851937,00.html

Spitznagel, Eric. "Interview with Harold Ramis." The Believer. March 2006.

Lee, Mark. "The Ghostbusters' Risky Business Plan." Overthinking It, June 13, 2009.

"Dan Aykroyd", The Huffington Post.

Smith, Russ. "Interview: Nick Gillespie." January 30, 2009.

Corcos, Christine Alice. "Who Ya Gonna C(S)ite?: Ghostbusters and the Environmental Regulation Debate." Florida State University Journal of Land Use & Environmental Law, Vol. 13, No. 1, Fall 1997.

Turner, Chris. Planet Simpson: How a Cartoon Masterpiece Defined a Generation. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2004. p. 103.

Darman, Richard. Reagan campaign strategy memo, June 1984. Quoted in Peter Goldman and Tony Fuller, The Quest For the Presidency 1984, New York: Newsweek Books / Bantam Books, 1985, p. 247.

Reagan, Ronald. "Remarks to Representatives of the Future Farmers of America." Speech. The Old Executive Office Building, Washington, D.C. July 28, 1988.

Yglesias, Matthew. "Ghostbusters as Rightwing Agitprop." The Atlantic. May 25, 2007.

Koch, Ed. "The Jewish Mayor Didn't Have a Jewish Base."

Batuman, Elif. "Ghosts From Our Past: Both Literally and Figuratively." The New Yorker. August 9, 2016.

Hoover, Margaret. American Individualism: How a New Generation of Conservatives Can Save the Republican Party. New York: Crown Forum, 2011.

"Squawking With Bill Murray." Squawk Box. CNBC. February 12, 2012.

The Ghostbusters Generation

Kushner, Tony. "Is It a Fiction That Playwrights Create Alone?" The New York Times, November 21, 1993, sec. 2, p. 31.

Wilder, Thornton. The Eighth Day. — I don't actually know where in the book this line comes up.

Baez, Joan. "(For The) Children of the Eighties." — I'm being lazy with the citation here 'cause no one is reading at this point and if this thing were published for real I wouldn't be able to afford the song lyrics anyway.

Bloom, Harold. Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human. New York: Riverhead Books, 1998. — I don't have a page number. Mea cupla.

Carney, Ray. "Knowing Too Much." The Boston Book Review, December 1994, p. 34-36. — As a side note, spend as much time reading this guy as you can, he's incredible, and I'm almost embarrassed to cite him in praise of a wacky '80s comedy.

Lancaster, Lynne C. and David Stillman. The M-Factor: How the Millennial Generation Is Rocking the Workplace. New York: HarperBusiness, 2010.

Hall, Cheryl. "Millennials need to get real about work world." The Dallas Morning News, February 24, 2008.

Gerber, Scott. "The Upstarts Are Coming." Entrepreneur. December 21, 2009.

Holmes, Gordon. "Harold Ramis Talks About Ghostbusters - The Lost Interview". January 27, 2012.

Ebert, Roger. "Freeway." Chicago Sun-Times. January 24, 1997.

Moore, Alan and Dave Gibbons. Watchmen. New York: DC Comics, 1987. Chapter IV, p. 27.

Harris, Will. "Random Roles: From Ghostbusters to GCB, the many roles of Annie Potts." The A.V. Club. May 4, 2012.,73492/2/


aaaand that's the game.




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Overthinking Ghostbusters © 2012 Adam Bertocci.

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